Publications (FIS)

Der Einfluss von Akteursperspektiven auf kommunikativ gestaltete Planungsprozesse

Divergenz und Konvergenz akteursspezifischer Handlungskulturen an den Schnittstellen partizipativer Planungsprozesse und ihr Einfluss auf die Planung

authored by
Almut Wolff
supervised by
Frank Othengrafen

How do different actors’ perspectives influence urban planning processes? The present work explores these perspectives in the context of the planning culture that emerges in the course of the planning process. Several actors interact in the course of a planning process and thus influence the planning result. However there is no negotiation process in a single arena, since the actors meet in a wide vari-ety of communication contexts. This diversity of arenas contributes to the characteristics of a planning culture. As a consequence of these observations, this study develops its own analytical approach to planning culture. This concept of culture is based on a poly-collective constellation and assumes that the collec-tives involved develop a specific planning culture through interaction. Planning culture is therefore a heterogeneous culture in which, additionally to shared standardizations, diverging interests and atti-tudes are expressed. In addition, the study focusses on process design. Due to the diverse arenas in which planning deci-sions are made, the planning content is subject to very different logics of action of the respective ac-tors. The contents of the planning are negotiated in partially parallel negotiation processes. And in different planning phases, different actors have access and influence on the planning. Throughout the process several hand-offs take place: Responsibilities and authority as well as documented results of the communicative and creative processes (planning artefacts) are handed over. The logics of action of each of the actors shape the further planning results. Based on the case study of the Neues Hulsberg-Viertel in Bremen this work examines how a planning culture is created through interaction and negotiation processes. This is shaped by the different atti-tudes and objectives of the actors towards process design, legitimate decision-making processes and planning goals. The actors engage in accordance with their own cultural standardizations and power resources within the interaction process and thus contribute to the planning culture. The Neues Hulsberg-Viertel is being built on conversion areas including 14 hectares of a hospital com-plex, located close to the Bremen city centre. The aim is to develop a sustainable, mixed-use neigh-bourhood with a relevant portion of social housing and joint building ventures. The project was initi-ated by the City of Bremen as a model project for public participation during the planning process beginning with the definition of the planning goals continuing on through the development of the land-use planning. Parallel to the ongoing planning process, various actors were interviewed, the planning documents were analysed and the process was accompanied by participant observation. The hand-offs could be identified as points of concentration for the visibility of actors’ perspectives. The planning culture was analysed by exploring the collectives with their specific culture, the arenas of communication with their standardizations, the discourses on planning content and process design as well as the dynamic interplay of power and the constructions of legitimacy. Based on this empirical research, the develop-ing model of planning culture was further enhanced. The analysis of the poly-collective interaction in the case study, suggests indications for the design of communicative planning processes.

Institute of Environmental Planning
Doctoral thesis
No. of pages
Publication date
Publication status
Sustainable Development Goals
SDG 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities, SDG 15 - Life on Land
Electronic version(s) (Access: Open)