MANUELA - Management System Nature Conservation for a Sustainable Agriculture
Aiming at a sustainable and conservation orientated farm management, today farmers need more and more farm related technical information. However this kind of information is hardly available. Existing computing systems for environmental assessment on the farm level don't cover issues such as biodiversity or landscape aesthetics sufficiently. Also the potentials of geographical information systems (GIS) are not used for nature conservation managment on the farms.
The software MANUELA, the german acronym for management system for nature conservation and a sustainable agriculture, fills this gap and was developed at the Institute of Environmental Planning. MANUELA is a new open source system with a specifically adapted GIS for farm management an nature conservation advisory service.
The software supports farmers in:
- obeying the legal requirements and minimum standards of good farming practice and cross compliance,
- depicting and assessing benefits with regard to biodiversity and landscape aesthetics,
- analysing pressure effects and (biotope-)development potentials,
- identifying the water erosion risk,
- planning measures for sustainable farm management and
- calculating costs of maintanance and conservation measures.
Prototypes of MANUELA were tested on farms in Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Brandenburg, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt an Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (projects "Naturschutz in einem Betriebsmanagementsystem" and "Naturschutz Peenetal"). Within ongoing research projects the software will be continously enhanced and sampeld in respect of its practical suitability for further farms in different federal states (projects "Firmen fördern Vielfalt" and "Ökobilanzierung von Biogasanlagen").
MANUELA is implemented as an add-on (Plug-In) for the open source-GIS Open Jump*. Within the system master data as well as technical and geodata are managed by a PostgreSQL-data basis. The access from Open Jump to the data basis is carried out by JDBC (Java Database Connectivity).
* After the successful installation the menue item 'MANUELA' can be found in the upper menue bar of Open Jump.
Bredemeier, Birte; Sybertz, Janine; Haaren, Christina v.; Matthies, Sarah; Reich, Michael; Weller, Malte & Kempa, Daniela (2018): Practicable recording, assessment and visualisation of on-site biodiversity of agricultural suppliers of food companies. Executive Summary of the research project "Firmen fördern Vielfalt" (companies foster biodiversity).
Working paper, 20.02.2018, Institute of Environmental Planning, Hannover. Link zum pdf
Kramer, Matthias; Kunath, Anna; Hansjürgens, Bernd; Schröter-Schlaack, Christoph; Heinz, Nicolai; Gericke, Hans-Joachim; Weiner, Katrin; Weiland, Ellen; Haaren, Christina v.; Kempa, Daniela; Bredemeier, Birte; Salditt, Georg; Ptak, Michal; Zaremba-Warnke, Sabina; Skowron, Pawel; Przeorek, Renata; Louda, Jiri & Hruska, Vladan (2017): Praxisleitfaden für das Management von Biodiversität und Ökosystemleistungen in KMU und regionalen Wertschöpfungsketten. Zittau. Link zum pdf Polnische und Tschechische Version hier.
Sybertz, Janine; Matthies, Sarah; Schaarschmidt, Frank; Reich, Michael & Haaren, Christina v. (2017): Assessing the value of field margins for butterflies and plants: how to document and enhance biodiversity at the farm scale. In: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 249: 165-176.
Haaren, C. v.; Kempa, D.; Vogel, K. & Rüter, S. (2012): Assessing biodiversity on the farm scale as basis for ecosystem service payments.In: Journal of Environmental Managment. 113: 40-50.