Nature conservation is the aim - landscape management the implementation
Landscape management strives for the organization, protection, maintenance and development of landscapes with the aim of creating a sustainable efficient landscape that is healthy for human and attractive for recreation. Its intention is to prevent impairments of the ecosystem and natural scenery and to remove, compensate or reduce already existing impairments. Today landscape management is often defined more narrowly and reduced to the use and technical implementation of maintenance measures. Landscape management in its original sense is therefore often described as landscape development or landscape planning.
The teaching and research of the institute focuses on nature conservation in the definition of the Federal Nature Conservation Act. How and by what priority the human living conditions should be used, protected, maintained and developed has to be decided on the basis of legitimated social agreements. Based on ecological, socio-economical, aesthetical and cultural analyses, aims and guidelines ("Leitbilder") have to be developed, which are spatial differentiated and implementation-oriented. This is the task of landscape planning in the wider context. It includes the planning part of all instruments, such as environmental impact assessment, intervention regulation as well as maintenance - and development planning, that contribute to the development of the landscape. But it also encompasses "instruments" that are legally non-regulated , such as cooperation models, environmental education and public relations.
Landscape planning in a narrower sense is one part of this comprehensive area of work and it describes the plans defined by the second section of the Federal Nature Conservation Act. These plans include the landscape program, the landscape master or framework plan and the landscape plan.
What are the thematic focuses?
The Institution of Environmental Planning pursues different applied working fields. What they have in common is the strong relation to planning:
- Landscape planning and Nature Conservation
(Prof. Dr. Christina v. Haaren)
- Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology
(Prof. Dr. Michael Reich)
- Vegetation Management
(Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Prasse)
- Engineering Biology
(Prof. Dr. Eva Hacker)
Drei außerordentlichen Professuren ergänzen dieses Spektrum:
- Landschaftsplanung und Ökosystemleistungen
Junior-Prof. Dr. Christian Albert
- Ökosystemdienstleistungen – ökonomische und planerische Aspekte
Gemeinsame Professur der Leibniz Universität Hannover und des Leibniz-Zentrums für Agrarlandschaftsforschung (ZALF) e.V. Prof. Dr. Bettina Matzdorf
- Planungsbezogene Pflanzenlökologie
Apl. Prof. Dr. Michael Rode
How to convey the matters of comprehensively understood nature conservation in a target group oriented and sustainable manner is an important topic of environmental education.
Computer-assisted methods of information processing and communication become more important with the growing complexity of landscape planning questions. In particular the application of geographic information systems (GIS) is focussed. For the environmental monitoring remote sensing (aerial and satellite photographs) provides the most important data base for the development of geo information systems.
The broad professional spectrum of landscape planning and nature conservation tasks cannot be covered by the institutional resources exclusively. Therefore research projects are more and more carried out across institutes and interdisciplinary, e.g. with experts from sociology, history, architecture, horticulture, agricultural sciences, economics and civil engineering. The institutes own teaching is supplemented by lectureships and visiting lecturers, for instance for tree maintenance and protection, forest planning, nature conservation in administration as well as environmental law.